Cervical cancer is a cancer arising from the cervix (the cervix is the narrow lower portion of the uterus that opens into the vagina). It is due to the abnormal growth of cells that have the ability to invade or spread to other parts of the body. Cervical cancer used to be one of the leading cancer deaths of women, but it’s now considered the easiest female cancer to prevent. Cervical cancer is considered to be the 3rd most common cancer in UAE. Regular Pap tests, HPV vaccines, and HPV testing have made it easier to prevent cervical cancer.
The abnormal cells can give us an indication of the possibility of cancer of cervix. It can detect pre-cancerous chances and alert us to take suitable action.
People rarely have symptoms of cervical cancer in its early stages. This is why it’s so important to get a regular Pap test to ensure early detection and treatment of precancerous lesions.
The cervical smear or cervical screening test is a method to detect abnormal cells from the cervix. Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) associated with almost all cases of cervical cancer, which is a common sexually transmitted infection. It can be screened and detected early. Screening should start at the age of 25 yrs in a sexually active person. All women should undergo screening for cancer cervix from this age onwards. If you have inter menstrual or Post coital bleeding or a smoker or using contraceptive pills for a long time or have had HPV infection then the cervical screening is specially recommended for you.
Usually the best time to carry it out is during the middle of your menstrual cycle (14th day from the first day of your period). No Lubricant / Spermicidal / Condom should be used 1 to 2 days before the test. The sample is taken from the cervix by your gynecologist and sent for examination to rule out suspicious cells. Early detection leads to better result.
1) Symptoms of Cervical Cancer?
· Inter-menstrual Bleeding
· Post-Menopause bleeding
· Unusual vaginal discharge.
· Bleeding during sexual intercourse.
2) Risk factors of cervical cancer?
· Human Papilloma Virus Infection
· Multiple sexual partners
· Early sexual contact
· Oral Contraceptive Pills
3) How to diagnose Cervical Cancer?
· Pap- Smear test
4) When to get screened?
· Women under age group 25 to 65 should do it every three years.
5) How do I prepare myself for the screening?
· The middle of your menstrual cycle (14th day from the first day of your period).
· No Lubricant / Spermicidal / Condom should be used 1 to 2 days before the test.
6) Treatments Available?
Further evaluation with the Gynecologist followed by;
· Loop electrosurgical excision Procedure (LEEP)
· Cervical cauterization
· Laser Ablation
"It is always better to detect things early."
Cervical Cancer Screening available at Sunny Medical Centre
Call: 054 322 7966